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如何写好中考英语作文?阅卷老师评分标准及满分技巧曝光

更新时间:2020-06-30浏览:评论: 条

如何写好中考作文?阅卷老师喜欢什么样的作文呢?

 

 

 

结合近几年的中考作文的评分标准以及阅卷经验,给同学们总结了作文拿高分的技巧,供大家参考。

 

一、结构要清晰

 

结构清晰这点真的很重要,我们都知道,阅卷老师们要在规定的时间内批阅上千份作文,而清晰的结构,会让阅卷老师一目了然,自然就会喜欢你的作文。

 

什么结构好呢?那就是三段式。

 

第一段要开门见山,直接拿出主题。给大家举个例子,比如,写我的妈妈,第一段直接就说 My mother is a worker. She is beautiful and she is a good mother. 明确自己的观点。

 

第二段就要说,她为什么是一个好妈妈。1. She works hard. 2. She is very strict with me. 3. She always encourages me and help me when I am in trouble. 详细说出妈妈的优点。

 

第三段得出结论。大家可以发表自己的观点,也可以提出建议和希望。如,I love my mother. I love my family!

 

二、时态要准确

 

英语作文除了结构,还有一个是阅卷老师最敏感的,那就是时态,这也是一篇作文是否得高分的关键。要明确文章的时态、同时人称要一致、数要一致、首尾要呼应。再根据内容要求,现确定事情是过去已经发生还是未来即将发生,比如记叙一件事要用一般过去时;写经常发生的事或对人物的描写,要用一般现在时;对于未来的憧憬要用一般将来时;过去的事情对现在造成的影响或过去延续到现在的状况都用现在完成时。一定不能乱用乱配。

 

三、短语运用要灵活

 

同学们在写作文的时候,要尽量使用有把握的词,避免不必要的失分。当然,定语从句、宾语从句等句型,在关键的时候用上一两个,会增添你文章的文采。在英语中存在很多简单又能表达很多意思的短语。这些短语的运用可以使作文更加原汁原味。

 

还有对关联词的使用,如first of all,secondly,finally,last,so that,in order that,not...but,not only...but also等。还可以使用高级点的如,in a word,all in all (表示总结的),but,yet,however(表示转折)等。

 

经验的阅卷老师很在意这些逻辑连接词,因为这些词体现了整个文章的思路。

 

四、写全要点

 

近年的各地中考英语提示性作文比较多,也就是说写作内容几乎都有要点提示,确切地说就是给出写作提纲,通常都是3 ~ 5个提示点,这种作文,同学们一定记住不要逐字翻译,但是提示点必须在文章中有所体现。文章写得再好,如果缺少了要点就会扣分的。所以要点也就是文章的第二段内容,同学们要把提示点写全,然后围绕提示点充分发挥,丰富自己所写的内容。

 

五、书写要认真

 

这一点同学们必须高度重视,作文的书写一定要保持规范整洁,同一篇文章书写规范整洁的和书写混乱的之间可以有2到5分的差距。

 

给阅卷老师留下最深刻印象的就是你的书写,最简单的得分点就是我们的认真书写。工整漂亮的书写会给评卷老师留下美好的第一印象和愉快的心情,在扣分时自然会“手下留情”。

 

大家切记不要涂改,在情况允许的前提下可以打些草稿。避免不必要的丢分。

 

漂亮的字体是可以练出来的,只要大家在心里注意了自己的书写,都会写得很好。

 

作文评分标准

 

中考作文一般从内容、语言、组织结构这三方面进行评分(总分20分):

 

(一)内容(满分8)

 

7-8分:内容切题,意思连贯,表达清楚、完整。

5-6分:内容基本切题,意思大致连贯,表达基本清楚、但不够完整。

2-4分:内容不够切题,意思不够连贯,表达不够清楚、有些离题。

0-1分:文不对题,表达不清。

 

(二)语言(满分8)

 

词数:每少5个单词扣0.5分,以此类推。只写出个别单词、词不成句不给分。

拼写:每处错误扣0.5分,同一错误不重复计数。

语法:每处错误扣0.5分,同一语法错误不重复扣分。

标点符号、大小写:每两处错误扣0.5分,但扣分总和不超过1分。

 

(三)组织结构(满分4)

 

内容充实,上下文连贯,用语规范,表达准确,无语法错误;词汇和句型句式运用恰当,多见好句型和习惯表达用语者,可给3-4分。

 

内容充实,不写废话,上下文连贯,用语规范,表达准确,无或少见语法错误;词汇和句型句式运用恰当,多见好句型和习惯表达用语者,可给2分。

 

一般情况下,内容和语言累计得分在15分以上者(含),方可得到1-2分组织结构分。

 

内容和语言在15分以下者,如文中有值得肯定的好的句型和表达,可酌情考虑给1分组织结构分。

 

通篇句型句式单一、词汇贫乏者,即使无语法错误,一般也不予给组织结构分。

 

分类作文提纲

 

一、活动介绍类

 

首段:

 

(1) I’m pleased to know that you’re greatly interested in ... ,so I’d like to share a piece of good news that there will be a ... .Now,let me offer you some useful information.

 

(2) It’s my great honor to invite you to enter a ... .Now,let me offer you some useful information about it.

 

(3) It’s time for us to say goodbye to our school life soon.Surprisingly,there is a/an... prepared for us.Now,let me offer you some information about it.

 

主体段:

 

1.时间&地点:The ... will be held in Classroom 302 at 3 o’clock in the afternoon on June 8th,2019.

 

2.内容:

 

(1)主题句:There will be various meaningful activities included in it.

 

(2)要点:First of all,You will be invited to .../You will be given a chance to ... .which will ...

 

After that,It will be more than interesting for you to .../It will impress you a lot to ... so that ...

 

At last,doing sth. will play an important part in ... .So ...

 

尾段:

 

That’s all.I firmly believe that if you join in it,you will ... .

 

That’s all.I sincerely hope that you can come and share the happiness/fun with us.

 

二、写人叙事类

 

首段:

 

(1) 朋友:A friend in need is a friend indeed.I have a friend just like that who often offers me much warmth in my life. Let me introduce him to you.

 

(2) 父母:If you ask me who is the most important one to me,without doubt,the answer is my ... . Let me introduce him to you .

 

(3) 老师:In both my life and study,my ... teacher is special to me because he is not only my teacher but also my friend who has made a great difference to my character.

 

主体段:

 

1.外貌:... is very beautiful but a little fat with long hair and big eyes.

 

2.性格:...is an outgoing woman who always gets along well with people around her./ ... is very kind to others and easy to get on with./is so ready to help others that we all like to make friends with him.

 

3.爱好:She is especially good at cooking and often cooks different delicious foods for me.

 

4.事例:

 

(1)Linda is like an angel. Whenever I meet trouble, she will always be there. When I fail my test, She always encourages me to face the fact bravely and then tries to help me to check the reason why I fail. At the same time, she shares her good ways of studying with me.

 

(2)My Chinese teacher, Ms Li, not only teaches us how to learn, but also teaches us how to be a person. I remember I made a serious mistakes in Grade seven, that was to copy others’ homework. Ms Li knew that. Instead of being angry with me, she told me the importance of study and encouraged me to study hard to become a talented person in the future.

 

(3)Last term, I failed my exam. I was so that that I cried sadly in my room. When my mother came from work late, she talked with me patiently and cheered me up. That evening, when I woke up at night, my mother was still working. I was deeply moved. Then I made up my mind to study harder than before.

 

尾段:

 

As a sunshine teenager, Xiao Hui is a good example for us to learn from./I will treasure the friendship forever.

 

Now I understand my father’s love to me. I will never forget what my father did for me and try my best to make him pleased.

 

He is an excellent teacher I will never forget and love him forever.

 

三、咨询建议类

 

首段:

 

I’m sorry to hear that you have difficulty in doing ... .Don’t worry about it!Here are some useful suggestions I ‘d like to share with you.

 

主体段:

 

1.主题句:Actually,if you are careful, you’ll find various simple ways to help you solve the problem.

 

2.要点:

First and foremost,It’s +adj/n.+for/of sb. to do ... .So that...

In addition,you are supposed to do ... ,which can not only ... but also ...

What’s more,you had better (not) do ... ,because ...

Last but not least,I suggest you (should) do ... ,from which,you’re able to do ...

 

尾段:

 

With these suggestions carried out,I firmly believe you will improve ... a lot.

 

I sincerely hope that my suggestions can be of great help.Looking forward to your earliest reply.

 

四、观点看法类

 

首段:

 

With the development of the science and technology/society,...is becoming more and more serious./the problem about ... is under a heated discussion/ ... has become a hot topic.As for that,There are different opinions among people.

 

主体段:

 

On the one hand, some people hold the idea that ... .The reasons are as follows.First, ... .Second, ... .Last, ... .

 

On the other hand,others disagree.They suppose that ... .Because ... .More importantly, ... .

 

尾段:

 

As far as I’m concerned,every coin has two sides,and ... is not a n exception.As long as we treat ... properly,it will be of great help.

 

中考作文经典词句

 

一、常用的名言警句

 

1. Actions speak louder than words. 事实胜于雄辩.

2. A friend in need is a friend indeed. 患难朋友才是真朋友.

3. Where there is a will, there is a way. 有志者事竟成.

4. All roads lead to Rome. 条条大道通罗马.

5. Every man has his weak side. 人人都有缺点?

 

6. Failure is the mother of success. 失败是成功之母?

7. Nothing in the world is difficult if you set your mind to it. 世上无难事,只怕有心人。

8. A life without a friend is a life without a sun. 人若无友,就如同生命中没有太阳。

9. All things are difficult before they are easy. 万事开头难。

10. Always prepare for a rainy day. 未雨绸缪。

 

11. Practice makes perfect.熟能生巧。

12. Bad news has wings. 好事不出门,坏事传千里。

13. You have to believe in yourself. That’s the secret of success. 你必须相信自己,这是成功的关键。

14. Don’t judge a man by his looks. 不可以貌取人。

 

二、常用过渡语

 

1. 表起始的过渡语:first of all, to begin with, first and foremost等。

2. 表时间的过渡语:first, at first, then, later, in the end, finally, afterwards, after that, since then, for the first time, at last, as soon as, the next moment, meanwhile, later on, soon, 等。

3. 表空间的过渡语:on the right/left, to the right/left of, on one side of…on the other side of…, at the foot/top/end of, in the middle/centre of, next to, far from, in front of等.

 

4. 表因果的过渡语:for, since,as,because of, thus, so, as a result (of)等.

5. 表转折的过渡语:but, yet, however, after all, in fact, while, on the contrary, instead of, although, otherwise, in spite of等。

6. 表列举的过渡语:for example, such as, like, as follows, in other words, and so on等。

 

7. 表推进的过渡语:on one hand… on the other hand…, in addition to, as well, still, also, in other words, not only…but also…, besides, in addition,furthermore, what’s more, moreover等.

8. 表总结的过渡语:in short, in a word, in general, in brief, in all, all in all,above all等.

 

三、常用句型

 

1.重点句型

 

1). It’s adj for sb to do 做…对某人来说…

2). …so … that … 如此… 以至于… …too … to do 太… 而不能… such … that … 如此… 以至于…

3). not…until… 直到…才…

例: I didn’t go to bed until my mother came back.

4).The reason why + 句子 is that + 句子 … 的原因是…

The reason why he got angry was that she told him a lie. ( 他生气的原因是她对他说了谎。)

5). That is why + 句子 那是…的原因

 

6). That is because + 句子 那是因为…

7). It is said that + 句子 据说… It is reported that + 句子 据报道…

8). There is no doubt that + 句子 毫无疑问…

9). It goes without saying that + 句子 不言而喻,毫无疑问

10). There is no need to do没必要做…

11). There is no point in doing 做某事毫无意义

 

2. 提建议

 

had better (not) do 最好(不)做

It’s +adj./n. of/for sb. to do

I suggest that you (should) do 我建议你做…

be supposed to do 应该做

If I were you, I would do…我要是你的话,我会做…

 

Don’t forget to do=Remember to do...

Why not do / why don’t you do…? 为什么不…

How about / what about doing …怎么样?

 

3. 表示喜欢和感兴趣

 

like / love doing=enjoy doing=be fond of doing 喜欢做…

prefer to do A rather than do B 宁愿做A也不愿做B

be interested in doing = show/ take great interest in n./ doing ... 感兴趣

 

4. .努力做…

 

try to do努力做… try one’s best to do= do one’s best to do 竭尽全力做…

make efforts to do = make every effort to do 尽力做…

do what sb can (do ) to do 尽力做…

spare no effort to do 不遗余力的做…

do what / everything sb. can to do 尽某人全力做…

 

5. 打算做… / 计划做…

 

intend / plan to do 打算做… be going to do 打算/计划做…

decide to do 决定做… determine to do决定做…

make up one’s mind to do下定决心做…

 

6. 表示想/希望

 

want to do = would like to do 想做…

hope/wish to do 希望做… expect to do 期待着做…

desire to do=have a great desire to do

 

7. 只加doing作宾语的动词

 

finish / keep / practice / suggest / allow / consider / mind / miss / avoid / imagine / enjoy doing

 

固定搭配

 

look forward to doing 盼望做…keep on doing 坚持做…dream of doing 梦想做…

can’t help doing 情不自禁地做… keep / stop / prevent sb. from doing 阻止某人做…

be busy (in ) doing be busy with + 名词 忙于做…

spend time / money (in )doing spend time / money on + 名词 花费时间做…

have fun / have a good time / enjoy oneself doing 玩得开心

 

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