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更新时间:2020-03-26浏览:评论: 条





Module  1


in other words    换句话说

In other words, you have to have both. Product and promotion. 换句话说,你必须两手都要抓,产品和促销不可偏废。


look forward to   期待;盼望

I look forward to your guidance. 我期待获得你们的指导。


at the start of     在……开始的时候

We are at the start of the season. 我们现在是在赛季开始的阶段。


at the end of    在……结束的时候

There is a shop at the end of the street. 这条街走到头有一个商店。


go to college    上大学

What about deciding on where to go to college? 对于该去哪里上大学,该如何决定?

be divided into    被(划)分成……

He suggested that our class should be divided into five groups. 他建议说我们的班应该分成五个小组。


take part in    参加

Take part in something you believe in. 参与到你所信仰的事情当中。


Module 2


make sure    确定;确信;查明;弄清楚

I make sure they work well. 我确认他们做得很好。


so that    (引起表示结果的从句)因此

He wrote down my address, so that he might remember it. 他写下了我的地址,以便能够记住它。


make progress    取得进步

Modesty helps one to make progress; conceit makes one lag behind. 虚心使人进步, 骄傲使人落后。

as a result     结果

As a result, the bad thing has been turned into a good one. 结果坏事变成了好事。

in fact      事实上

In fact, I would advise them not to do that. 实际上,我建议他们不要那么做。


fall asleep     睡着

I can not fall asleep after drinking coffee this late. 现在这么晚了,喝咖啡之后我不能入睡。


tell jokes       讲笑话;开玩笑

He always tell jokes to me and wore a sunny smile. 他总是告诉我的笑话和戴着一个阳光灿烂的笑容。


Module 3


get on    上(车、船等)

Here comes the bus. Let's get on. 公共汽车来了,咱们上去吧。

get off     下(车、船等)

Excuse me, I have to get off at the next stop. 劳驾,我必须在下一站下车。


get into     上(车);进入

How did you get into the field? 你是如何进入该领域的呢?


get out of    下(车);动身

In order to get out of the peak-hour traffic, we must start early. 我们得早点儿动身以避开交通高峰期。


take off    (飞机)起飞

When the storm stopped , the plane could take off . 当风暴停下来时,飞机可以起飞了不得。


be short for    是……的缩写/简称


not …any more   不再

At least, I was thinking so… Not any more. 至少以前是… 但现在不再如此了。


out of date  过时

The regulations were out of date and confusing.那些规定已经过时,而且令人费解。


refer to   指的是;参考

Writers often refer to a dictionary. 作家时常参考字典。


Module 4


put up   修建;建立

And I think I put up the postulates. 我想我已经建立过这种假设了。


so far      到目前为止

So far, they appear to be up to the task. 到目前为止,他们表现出承担了这一任务。


up to now     到目前为止

I have heard nothing from him up to now. 到目前为止我没有他的任何消息。


till now     到目前为止

He was wiped out yesterday and doesn't wake up till now. 他昨晚喝醉了,直到现在还没醒。


get away from   摆脱

It’s so obvious  once you get away from the traditional mindset. 你一旦摆脱了传统的思维方式,效果会如此明显。


a great many     许多;大量

One day them was a terrible flood which drowned a great many wolves. 有一天,发生了一场可怕的洪水,许多狼被淹死。


a number of    许多;大量

A number of them departed for an outing. 他们当中许多人外出作短途旅游。


go up     上升

Prices incline to go up. 价格有上升趋势。


Module 5


add … to …    往……加入……

Do you have anything to add to the list? 你还有什么想要添加到列表列面吗?


used to     过去(常常)……

We used to sashay after supper. 过去我们总是在晚饭后去散步。


in the area of     在……领域

Altogether, in the area of hospitals and medicine, our country still has a lot of problems. 总而言之,在医疗药物这一块,我国依然存在着相当多的问题。


be proud of     为……感到骄傲/自豪

You are the pride of us , you will be proud of us in the future. 你现在是我们的骄傲,我们将来才能是你的自豪。


be supposed to      应当;理应

It tells us to be supposed to maintain the innocent childlike innocence, selfless dauntless, daresto tell the truth. 它告诉我们应该保持天真烂漫的童心、无私无畏,敢于说真话。


Module 6


consists of    由……组成

A file consists of one or more messages. 一个文件由一个或多个消息构成。

as well    也

She can play tennis as well as basketball. 她也会打篮球,也会打网球。


become known as   作为……而出名;被称为…

With many traditions,the game has become known as a game played by gentlemen. 受传统观念及习俗的影响,高尔夫已渐渐成为一项绅士运动。


go down    下降;下去

Shall I go down the stairway? 我应该走楼梯下去吗?


come up with    提出

Have you ever noticed how easy it is to come up with a reason to do nothing? 你有没有感觉在不想做什么的时候,很容易就会想出一个理由去逃避?


from that moment on    从那时起

They both loved each other from that moment on. 从那一刻开始,他们俩就互相喜欢上对方了。


concentrate on    聚精会神;集中思想

If you concentrate on either one too much then you can run into problems later on. 如果你过分集中于其中的任何一个,那么稍后你就会遇到问题。


compared with      与……相比       

Our greenhouse is nothing compared with yours. 我们这个温室比起你们那个简直是小巫见大巫。




Module  1


be connected with   与……有联系

Success seems to be connected with action. 成功似乎与行动相连。


take exercise    锻炼

We take exercise every morning. 我们每天早晨做运动。


be crazy about    迷恋

Young people all seems to be crazy about such things. 年轻人看起来对这些东西都非常感兴趣。


have a temperature    发烧

Does he have a temperature, doctor? 他还发烧吗,医生?


lie down    躺下

I lie down, relax, and if I get ideas, I get ideas. 我躺下来,放松,如果我有了个想法,我就有灵感了。


begin with    以……开始

Let it begin with you! 就让这些从你开始吧。


put … into   将……投入……

It can be held in the hand, moved, and put into or>

become ill   生病

Make sure to offer to take their kids if they ever become ill! 当他们生病的时候,你也要帮忙照看他们的孩子。


Module  2


related to  有关系的;有关联的

Each of these are expenses related to your job. 这些开支都是和你的工作相关的。


break into  破门而入;强行闯入

They break into an office so that Jack can use the phone. 他们闯入了一间办公室,因为杰克需要使用电话。


belong to  属于

We do not belong to it. 我们不属于那一派。


become addicted to  对……上瘾;沉迷于

Humans have become addicted to flesh.人类已对吃肉上瘾。


take one's advice   听某人的意见

You should take my advice about your job.关于你的工作你应该听取我的意见。


in order to   为了……

He polished off his work in order to see his girlfriend. 为了去见女朋友,他匆忙地做完手头的工作。


so as to    为了……

They laid the sails aback so as to stay on course in the storm wind. 他们使帆成为逆风向以便在暴风中保持既定航道。

give up   戒除;放弃

I would not give up for anything. 我绝不会为任何事情放弃。


Module  3


be impressed with   留下深刻印象

Your interviewer will be impressed with your mind. 你的想法会给面试官留下深刻印象。


split up   分裂;分割

Who told you we have split up?谁告诉你我们已经离婚了?


make a note of    记录

Make a note of the folder’s location! 记住这个文件夹的位置!


Module 4


be / get tired of   对……厌烦

I don’t think I’ll ever get tired of going. 我认为我此行不会感到厌烦。


be fond of    喜欢;喜爱

It's human nature for parents to be fond of their children. 父母爱孩子是人类的天性。


tell by    从……可以看出

You can tell by the way they talk with her. 你可以从他们与她谈话的方式中就可以看出来。


put off     推迟;延期

So he put off dealing with it, week after week. 于是他一周又一周地推迟处理这件事情。


take turns     轮流

The doctors take turns at participating in the mobile medical team. 医生们轮流参加巡回医疗队。


a series of     一系列的

Film divides motion up into a series of static images. 电影将动作分解为一系列静态画面。


Module 5


in total    总共;合计;完全

You’re in total isolation. 你完全是孤立无援的。


now that    既然

Now that the problem is solved, nothing remains to be said. 问题已经解决了, 没什么说头儿了。


believe in    相信

He does not believe in fate. 他不相信命运。


be similar to    和……相似

You'll notice that two use cases appear to be similar to each other, though there areminor differences in workflow. 你会注意到工作中的两个用例相互之间很相似,尽管它们之间还有一些小差异。


Module 6


come out   出现;出版

We're going to come out with a new dictionary next month. 下个月我们将出版一部新词典。


fall in love with    爱上;喜欢(表动作)

If someone loves none, he may fall in love with anyone around him. 当一个人谁都不爱的时候,他就可以爱上身边的任何一个人。


be in love with   爱上;喜欢(表状态)

Be in love with your life. 热爱你的生活。


play a part    扮演角色

Talent, skill and luck play a part, but there is more. 天分,技能和运气起一部分作用,但还有更多。


to>To our surprise, they said okay! 让我们吃惊的是,他们说可以。


in surprise    吃惊地

Our brows went up in surprise. 我们惊奇地竖起了眉毛。


care about    关心;顾虑;在乎

Share this with anyone you care about. 和任何你关心的人分享这些.


every now and then    有时;偶尔

Every now and then you need a taste of your favorite childhood dish. 人不时回忆起您喜爱的那种童年的味道。


at the age of    在……岁时

What did you do at the age of six? 你六岁的时候能做些什么呢?




Module  1


Look at   看

The boy stole a look at his father with grimace. 那男孩扮着鬼脸偷看了他父亲一眼。


more than   多于… 

He is little more than a boy in worldly experience. 他涉世不深, 简直还是一个孩子。


be famous for   因…而著名 

The town miller was famous for his excellent flour.镇上的面粉场主以优质面粉著称。


work on 从事,进行

We need to put in our time and work on our skills. 我们需要投入自己的时间和技艺在我们的工作上。

from…until..   从…到…

He worked from dawn until(til) dark.他没日没夜地工作。


because of   因为;由于 

His business went under because of competition from the large corporations. 由于大公司的竞争,他的生意陷入了困境。


last for   延续;持续

The blockade is likely to last for some time. 封锁可能要持续一段时间。


all the time   总是;一直 

She must be nervous,she fusses about all the time. 她想必很紧张,她一直忙碌得团团转。


be known as   以…闻名

Work in this new vein has come to be known as experimental philosophy. 这种形式的研究被称为实验哲学。


ever since 自此;从那时起  

I have distrusted her ever since she cheated me. 自从她骗我以后,我就不信任她了。


next to   靠近…;紧挨着

The two shops are next to each other. 那两家铺子紧挨着。


refer to   指…;参考;适用于 

Writers often refer to a dictionary. 作家时常参考字典。


in terms of   谈到…;从…方面;依据  

It can not be measured in terms of money. 这是不能用金钱衡量的。


compare with与…比较

How do they compare with our alternatives? 它们和我们的选择如何比较?


have control  over 对…加以控制    

You have control over nothing except your own mind. 除了自己的思想你什么也没有控制到。


little  by  little逐渐的 

Little by little he usurped his boss's authority. 他逐渐地篡夺老板的权力。


Module  2


up to直到;由…决定 

It's up to him to resolve this problem. 这个问题应由他来解决。


agree to do sth.同意桌某事  

Would the people agree to this? 人们会同意这么做吗?


at the top of 再…顶端

This one should be at the top of your list. 这一项应该在列表的顶端。

be to do sth.将要做某事 

Another approach might be to do them for 10 minutes at the end of each hour.另一个方法是在每工作一个小时后,用10分钟的时间来处理那些事务。


make sure确保;弄清楚

Make sure that you capture the answers to these questions from them. 确保一定要从他们那里找到这些问题的答案。


encourage sb. to do sth.鼓励某人做某事

 I encourage them to read or go outside . 我鼓励他们阅读或者去户外活动。


close to 靠近的,接近的;亲密的

His house is close to the park. 他的家挨着公园。


practice doing  sth.练习做某事

Then she would practice writing. 然后,她会练习写作。


as a result 结果;因此 

As a result, the bad thing has been turned into a good one. 结果坏事变成了好事。


Module  3


pick up   拿起,拾起 

Where(When) do I pick up the ticket? 我在什么地方(时候)拿机票?


take off去掉 

Can you take off my helmet and put it on? 你可以脱下我的头盔并自己戴上吗?

on average平均起来

It says that on average, you should be around 20. 它表示的是平均值,应该在20左右。

end up  以…结束 

The chairman finally ended up his speech.主席终于结束了演说。


warn sb. of 警告某人

He had decided to warn her of the mistake she was making. 他决定告诫她,她正在犯错误。


set fire to  放火… 

They set fire to the city. 他们放火烧了这座城市。


put out 扑灭;关掉

Please put the light out when you leave the room.离开房间时请把灯关掉。


be active in  积极… 

Join, and be active in an association. 参加一个协会并在里面积极的表现。


in all 总共

I have one brother and two sistets. So she gets four children in all. 我有一个哥哥,两个妹妹,所以她总共有四个孩子。

take place  发生

When does the wedding take place? 什么时候举行婚礼?


come into  生效 

The will comes into effect.这份遗嘱开始生效。


be of no effect  无效 

If policy holder cheats to obtain premium, the malice, the insurance contract signed will be of no effect. 凡是投保人出于恶意。以骗取保险金为目的订立的保险合同无效。


mean to do sth.  打算做某事

What do you mean to do with it? 你打算怎样处理它?


mean doing sth.  意思是,意味着

Balance does not mean doing everything. 平衡并不意味着努力追求每件事情。


manage to do sth.  设法做某事

We should manage to house and feed the poor. 我们得设法解决贫民的食宿问题。


succeed in doing sth.  做成某事 

All of us want to succeed in life. 在人生的舞台上我们都想取得成功。


Module 4


take in  吸收

Our club plan to take in 20 new members.我们俱乐部计划吸收20名新会员。


give out 放出;发出 

Give out candies or cards. 分发你的糖果和贺卡。


protect…from/against…. 保护…不受..的侵害 

The numerous holes in the front protect from the summer heat. 在前挡板上大量的洞孔保护车手不用忍受夏日的炎热。


one  after another  一个接一个 

Sometimes we would play games  one after another. 有时,我们会一个接一个地玩游戏。


have a bad effect on对…有坏的影响 

Alcoholic drink can have a bad effect on your body. 含酒精的饮料会对你的身体有很坏的影响。


in a nutshell 简言之;概括的说 

In a nutshell, here's how the survey works. 这里简单说一下这项调查的运作。


look through  浏览

He looked through his notes before the final examination.他期末考试前温习了自己的笔记。


cut down  砍树 

We do not have to cut down on your body. 含酒精的饮料会对你的身体有很坏的影响。


dig up  挖掘出 

You dig up the past, all you get is dirty. 你把过去一股脑儿都挖了出来,那可都是见不得人的。


be caught in  突然遭遇(风暴等)

He is wet all over and looks as if he had been caught in a rain. 他全身湿透好像淋了雨似的。


prevent …(from)doing …阻止…做…

Nothing can prevent her (from) doing so. 什么也不能阻止她这样做。


Module 5


be at war with 与…交战  

Be at war with your vices, at peace with your neighbors, and let every new year find you a better man. –Benjamin Franklin. “与恶习作战,与邻里友好相处,在新的一年变得更加优秀。”——本杰明·富兰克林。


in conclusion 总之 ;最后

In conclusion, I wish this meeting every success. 最后,预祝本届年会取得圆满成功!


believe in 信仰;信任 

Not believe in what you should do. 不要相信什么是你该做的。


bring up 养育;抚养 

They have very definite ideas on how to bring up children. 关于如何培养孩子,他们有非常明确的想法.

become interested in  对…感兴趣

How did you become interested in this subject? 你是怎么开始对这个话题感兴趣的?


spend  …doing……花费…做…   

The time they need to spend doing their work 这些资源在执行工作时需要花费的时间


be different from 与…不同  

Now it is different from the past. 现在和过去不同了。


for the first time  首次;第一次

Naturally, you were keyed up when you went on the platform for the first time. 你第一次登上讲台感到紧张是很自然的。

Module 6


date from  起源于

This custom dates from the nineteenth century.这风俗始于19世纪。


hold back 阻止 

He couldn't hold back his anger. 他再也控制不住他的怒火。


come true(梦想等)变成现实

I'm afraid his hope won't come true easily. 他的希望怕很难实现。


make sense  有意义;有道理   

It all started to make sense. 这一切都开始变得有意义。


bring an end to  结束;终止

Both Apple and Google will hope that this latest decision will bring an end to the inquiry by the FTC. 苹果公司和谷歌公司都希望这个最新的决定能结束美国联邦贸易委员会的调查。


work out  算出;解决

Work out how much all these things will cost. 算计算计买这么多东西要多少钱。


dream of 梦想 

He had long nourished the dream of being an actor. 很久以来他一直梦想着成为一名演员。


be full of  充满

His head is full of nonsense. 他满脑子荒唐念头。


take away 移去;拿走;消除 

Take away the glasses and the tray. 把这些玻璃杯和托盘拿走。


be on a visit  在参观

He is on a visit to English. 他正在访问英国。

live a happy life  过着幸福的生活

We live a happy life together. 我 们一家在一起过着幸福的生活。




Module  1


in the future 将来

What do you think should be expected in the future? 你认为什么会是在将来可以期待的?


plenty of 大量的 

You have plenty of time to read. 你有大量的时间读书。


think about  考虑 

Think about what we should do tomorrow. 想想我们明天该做些什么。


instead of 代替 

Instead of abating, the wind is blowing even harder. 风不但没停,反而越刮越大了。


be able to 能够 

As a politician, he is able to withstand public criticism. 作为一名政治家,他经得住公众批评。


attach to 连接到;附属于 

A tag was attached to each article.每件物品上都系上了标签。


have an accident 发生意外;出事故 

Did you have an accident? 你出事故了吗?


for a start 开始 

For a start, you may find it impossible to do so. 首先你会发现,这么做是不可能的。


on the way out 在路上 

ony stops them on a visit to English. 他正在访问英国。

a few of 一些 

Let me briefly highlight a few of the achievements of the past year. 让我简要地回顾一下在过去一年中取得的一些成就。


be made of 由…制成 

My,it must be made of copper. 哇,这只苹果准是铜做的吧。


throw away  扔掉;丢弃 

He threw away the old sofa.他把旧沙发扔掉了。


for sure  确定 

All of those advantages, for sure. 所有的那些优势,的确。


Module 2


in no time  立即;马上 

I shut him up in no time. 只不过我很快就让他闭嘴了。


get around  随便走走;传播;绕开 

You can, however, get around this. 但是您可以避开这种操作。


be limited to 有限 

Each speaker was limited to five minutes.每位发言者的时限为5分钟。


have a good view of 有一个好的视角 

Standing at the top of the mountain you can have a good view of the beautiful county. 站在山顶上,你可以清楚看到整个乡村的景色。


get a seat 得到座位 

We’ll go early,otherwise we may not get a seat. 我们得早点去,要不然就没有座位了。


under construction 在修建中 

The reservoir is under construction. 水库正在施工。


rush hour 高峰期 

Yet he found the stress from the rush hour commute lingered. 然而,他发现,那从上下班高峰时间的交通压力。


traffic jam  交通堵塞

Maybe he in the traffic jam. 他可能遇上交通阻塞了。


get stuck  被困住 

If we get stuck in one stage or the other, the process of grieving is not complete, and cannot becomplete. 如果我们仅仅陷入了某个阶段或其他阶段而不能自拨,那么悲痛的过程是不完整的,不能完成。


seem to 看起来像 

Some people seem to be always lucky. 有些人似乎从来都是幸运的。


switch off 关掉 

Don't forget to switch off the gas.别忘了关煤气。


turn on  打开

Please turn on the radio.请把收音机打开。

be famous for 因…而出名 

I like Japanese food because it is famous for being fresh. 我喜欢日本食物,因为它为是著名的新鲜的。


a list of  一列;一份 

I made a list of things to take with me. 我列出了一个我要带走的物品的清单。


what’s more  更重要的是  

What's more, looking out the window, all appeared normal. 更重要的是,看看窗外一切都是那么正常。


be connected to  和…有联系 

I salute you all today and I am closely connected to you from my heart. 今天我向你们致敬,我从心中和你们紧密的连接在一起。


Module 3


shake hands  握手 

And they do not expect just to shake hands with him. 这些人期望的不仅仅是和他握握手。


in the distance  在远处 

In the distance what do you hear? 听到远方有什么声音传来


body language  肢体语言

The moment that you would see their body language change. 你可以看到他们的身体语言立刻改变了。


on guard  警戒;提防 

The world is alert and on guard as never before. 世界从没有像现在这样保持警惕和戒备。


make a deal  达成交易 

Together we decide what is fair and we make a deal. 大家共同决定怎么做才公平并达成交易。


hold up  举起 

She held up her arm and wiped her tears off.她抬起手擦去了眼角的泪。


give away  泄露;失去 

Please don't give my secret away!请不要说出我的秘密!


shake one’s head摇头

But his shake one's head suggestion of already outward bound, This is a false news . 但他的摇头已经向外界暗示,“这是一条假新闻”。


take a sip  小喝一口

It is quite acceptable for a foreign guest to take a sip instead of emptying the glass whentoasting with his or her Chinese host.当然,外国宾客与中国东道主敬酒时,小啜一口也未尝不可。


Module 4


bring up  教育,培养 

My parents brought me up to respect others.我父母教育我要尊重他人。


from an early age  从很早的时候开始 

We learn from an early age how to forgive. 我们从很小的时候就开始学习如何原谅。


as a result of  由于,原因是 

As a result of all this, their incomes are up and land values have risen. 这一切的结果是,他们的收入增加了,土地的价值也上升了。


come to power  掌权 

When did that wise man come to power? 那个英明的人何时执政的?


be attached to  被系/捆在…..上 

The digest is attached to the message being sent. 附加在要发送的消息上。


at present  目前 

He is at present in Shanghai. 目前他正在上海。


Module 5


at the edge of  在….边缘  

At the edge of life everything is an occasion for death. 在生命的边缘,一切都是导致死亡的原因。


at least  至少 

I resolved to visit my grandmother at least once a year. 我决定每年至少要去看望祖母一次。

be heavy with  充满;有大量的 

Now my heart is heavy with the burden of sense of responsibility. 现在,我心里的责任感比任何时候都沉重。


get a kick out of  感到愉快

go through  通过;完成 

The rain has gone through my overcoat.雨水淋透了我的外衣。


know about  了解 

What do they know about your topic? 关于你的主题他们了解多少?


go on a trip  去…访问;旅行

I might at least go on a trip to start. 可能我会先旅行一下吧。

Module 6


close to  (在时间或空间上)接近 

Do you live in Heaven or even close to it? 你是生活在天堂中或者仅仅在接近它呢?


be likely to  很可能 

The blockade is likely to last for some time. 封锁可能要持续一段时间。


due to  由于;因为 

This is due to extra task switching. 这主要是由于额外的任务转换。


quite something  不寻常的;令人惊讶的 

Have you seen the new car hat Gary has bought? It's quite something. 你看到加里新买的那辆车了吗?真是太不寻常了。


jump out of  从…..跳出 

Real frogs will, in fact, jump out of the pot — but never mind. 不过不必担心,事实上,真正的青蛙会跳出煮锅。


a group of  一群 

A group of zebras started up by a shot. 一声枪响把一群斑马惊得四散奔逃。


walk along  沿着…..走 

Walk along Second Avenue and you can see it on the right. 沿着第二大街走,然后你能看到它在右边。


the beginning of  在….的开头 

It marks the beginning of a new era in human history. 这标志着人类历史新纪元的开始。




Module 1


have in common  有共同点 

What do they have in common? 那他们有什么共同点呢?


make a difference  有影响;使不同 

I volunteer because I want to not just see the world, but make a difference in it. 我做志愿者是因为我不仅想看看这个世界,我还想让它变得不同。


differ from  与……不同 

On one point I differ from you.我在这一点上跟你有分歧。

have difficulty in doing sth.  做某事有困难 

The patient was perceived to have difficulty in standing and walking. 据观察所见, 病人站立和行走都有困难.


lead to  导致 

This can lead to significant distress, but have no fear! 这可能导致巨大的压力,但是不要害怕!


Module 2


in particular  尤其;特别 

This one in particular. 这个人很特别。


come off  掉离;脱离 

His hair began to come off.他的头发开始脱落。


in theory  理论上;从理论上讲 

In theory, this problem should not occur, but in reality it does. 从理论上讲,这个问题不应该 发生,但实际它却发生了。


in practice  实际上 

So how might we use this in practice? 所以在实践中我们怎么使用它呢?


take up  从事;占据(时间、空间) 

She took up the receiver and began to dial the number.她拿起听筒开始拨电话号码。


pass by  路过;经过 

I passed by your house last night at about ten o'clcok.我昨天晚上大约十点钟的时候经过你家。


take for granted  认为……理所当然

Don't take for granted what you have. 不要认为你所拥有的是理所当然的。


Module 3


have no connection   与…..无关

I told them that I have no connection to what they described.我告诉他们我和他们所说的完全没有关系。


run away   逃跑 

The thief had run away when the policemen came.警察来时小偷已经跑了。


ahead of   在…..前面;提前 

He was in a class ahead of me at Dalian University. 在大连大学时他比我高一班。


pour down    倾盆而下

Water poured down the wall from the roof.水从屋顶沿墙往下流。


be curious about   对……感到好奇 

If you are curious about another language, then start learning that too! 如果你对其他语言好奇,那么也开始学习吧


have enough of   听够、看够、吃够、受够 

I have enough of my own wealth to manage. 我自己有足够的财富要管理。


die of fright  惊吓而死 

He sounds as if he's going to die of fright! 他听上去好像快要被吓死了!


run into   偶然遇到 

I was about to leave when I ran into Mr White.我刚要走就碰见了怀特先生。


in a panic   惊恐的 

The first was her colleague in a panic, looking for an answer to an urgent question. 第一个是一位恐慌的同事,向她救助一个非常紧急的问题。


Module 4


come to an end   完结 

We could draw yet another picture of a different way a lifecould come to an end.我们能描绘另一幅生命开始和结束的画面。


dress up   装扮;化妆 

She was dressed up for the Easter parade.她为参加复活节游行精心打扮一番。


have fun   玩的愉快 

They have fun together. 他们在一起很有乐趣。


on end   连续的

But it can be played for hours on end. 但它也能让你连续玩上个几小时。

date back to   追溯到 

The traditional friendship between our two people(s) dates back to ancient days.我们两国人民之间的传统友谊可追溯到遥远的过去。


in secret   秘密的 

Shadow, with her veil drawn, follows Light in secret meekness, with her silent steps of love. 阴影戴上她的面幕,秘密地,温顺地,用她的沉默的爱的脚步,跟在“光”后边。


in memory of   为了纪念…..

She set up an educational fund in memory of her mother. 她为了纪念她母亲而设立了一个教育基金会。


pass on  传递

This ring has been passed on in my family from mother to daughter.在我家里,这个戒指是妈妈留给女儿的。

Module 5


do athletics  做田径运动 

I used to play football regularly when I was at university. And I used to do athletics in thesummer. 



as well as (除……之外)又

If they are, it will be our problem as well as theirs. 如果真的发生类似的事情,这将是我们的,也是他们的大问题。


make a list of  列……清单 

Make a list of your goal destinations. 写出一个你的人生目标的清单。


be determined to do 下定决心做某事

If he is determined to do something, nobody can stop him from doing so. 如果他决定做某事,任何人也无法阻止他去做。


come onto the market (商品)上市,商品开始出售 

The house has come  onto the market now. 这座房子现在已经出售了。

on the increase  正在增加

Our demand for this product is on the increase.我们对该产品的需求正在增长。


Module 6


thanks to  由于;幸亏 

Thanks to all the fans who make this tournament the best in the world . 非常谢谢所有球迷,是他们让这次的比赛变得如此的精彩。


according to   根据 

She bagged a fabulous fortune according to the will. 她根据遗嘱获得了一大笔财产。


give one’s life to  为……献身

He himself had determined to give his own life to the same cause. 他已决定将生命献给同一个事业。


on the spot   在现场 

His glance stayed posited on the spot. 他的目光盯住那一点不动。

come into fashion   开始流行起来 

Long skirts have come into fashion again . 长裙子又流行起来。


get tough with    对……采取强硬措施 

He'll never pay up unless you get tough with him. 你如果不对他硬点,他是决不会把钱付清的。


on condition that    在……条件下 

I will lend you the book on condition that you return it on Monday. 如果说你能在星期一还我,我可以借给你这本书。


be worth doing   值得做某事 

But it can be done. It is worth doing. 但是,它是可以做到的,也是值得做的。


in the meanwhile   同时

However, the increasing craze of pursuing graduate studies has also caused many problems in the meanwhile. 然而,研究生求学热的不断升温也已经同时引起了很多问题。




Module 1


small talk   闲谈,聊天

(be) nervous about   对……神经紧张/害怕/胆怯/焦虑不安

think of     想起,回忆起

look away from    把目光从……移开

in addition      除此之外,另外   

find out    了解(到);找出(信息)

put on condition that you return it on Monday. 如果说你能在星期一还我,我可以借给你这本书。

as a consequence   因此,结果

cheer sb. up   是某人高兴/振作起来

leave out   放在一边,删去

(be) aware of   知道

take the lead     带头,领先

show off       炫耀


Module 2


play an important part in 在……中起重要作用(影响)

come up to    朝……走过来

turn away      走开

sweep over    向……扩展

keep one’s eyes on  注视,盯着看

fix on   注视,凝视

cast about      寻找,搜索,想办法

look around for      四处寻找

(be) associated with  与……有联系 

appeal to sb.   对某人有吸引力,引起某人的兴趣

(be) restricted to    限于

ahead of    在……前面

look back over one’s shoulder   回头看

catch a glimpse of   瞥见

set out    出发,动身


Module 3


burst out    突然发生,突然……起来

knock … over  (开车)撞伤,撞死

lose interest in  对……失去兴趣

from time to time   偶尔,有时

turn round     转过身来

raise money   筹款

keep in touch     保持联系

lose touch with   与……失去联系

(be) ashamed of    对……感到惭愧/羞耻

(be)blessed with    享有……的福气

(be) allergic to    对……过敏

(be)  on good terms with  与某人关系很好

(be) nostalgic for   对……很怀念

bring … to mind   使……想起

all at once    突然,忽然

in return      反过来,作为交换

belong to    属于

from the bottom of one’s heart  真心诚意地,发自内心地

Module 4


(be)true of /for     与……情况相同

give life to           赋予……生命(生命力,活力)

(be) the same with  与……情况相同

share feelings and ideas with  与……分享感受与想法

make contact with  与……进行来往

master musician   音乐大师

all of a sudden     突然间

dance to the music  伴着音乐跳舞

in addition to       除此之外

draw upon    利用,凭借,表明


Module 5


burn out    (火)燃尽,烧完自灭

contrast with    与……形成对照

throw oneself on…  扑到在……上

again and again     一再,屡次

by mistake   错误地

treat … as    把……当成……对待

a sequence of    一系列的

(be) identical to 和……一样,与……一致

rely on   依赖,依靠

as follows    如下

knock out     摧残      

get out of control    摆脱控制

as far a we know    据我所知

bring …back to life   使……复活


Module 6


declare war on  向……宣战

make a breakthrough 取得重大突破(进展)

pick up     停下来让某人搭车(船等);救起

to one’s astonishment     令某人惊讶的是



Module 1


be named/called…   被称作/命名为

be named after     以…命名

change one’s name to   把名字改为…

in one’s career    在某人的职业生涯中

hold the record    保持纪录

attend the university   上大学

win the championship   赢得冠军

admire one’s ability       崇拜/羡慕某人的能力

one after another    一个接一个

be delighted to do    很高兴去做

feel nervous about    对…感到紧张

be disappointed with   对… 感到失望

the same…as…     和…一样

bring up      抚养,养大

in reply to       回应

draw one’s attention to把某人的注意力吸引到…上

be absorbed in       全神贯注于…

obtain control of     取得…的控制权

take possession of    掌管/接管…

base A on B    把A建立在B的基础上

be based on      建立在… 的基础上


Module 2


look back at       回顾

work at/on…       工作/致力于

be pleased about     对…感到满意/高兴

share sth with sb     和某人分享某物

as far as I am concerned 就我而言

in my view       从我的观点/角度出发

be considered as     被认为是…

be likely to do        可能去做

in other words      换句话说

except for       除了

once a fortnight      每两周一次

as time passed       随着时间的推移

take turns to do  轮流做(take turns doing sth; do sth by turns)


Module 3


in astonishment      吃惊地;经验地

in a…voice       用… 的嗓音说

a huge amount of   大量的

bring sth to the attention of sb 使某人关注某事

stare at        盯着;注视

believe in sb     信任某人

as a result       结果

in one’s early twenties 在某人二十几岁时

be come fond of     喜欢上

hold on to     抓紧;不放手

intend to do    打算做某事

suffer from     受…折磨

a lack of     缺乏

feel at home       舒适自在

let go of sb/sth    放开


Module 4


side by side      并排

be bored with     厌烦

be in decline          处于下降/衰退期

take advantage of   巧妙利用

stay in order        保持秩序;秩序井然

try out        试用,测试

be blessed with       幸运地拥有

come out      出版;开花;发芽

far from        远非

be devoted to  专注于;全身心投入于

beg for      恳求

make an impression>

make up      编造;捏造

no longer     不再

according to    根据

consist of     由…构成

provide sb with sth  给某人提供…

be supposed to do   被期望做;假定去做

approve of     赞成

be enthusiastic about   对…热心

the other day    那天

in vain         白费

be amazed at    对…感到惊奇/惊讶

get down to (doing) sth    开始动手做


Module 5


in use     在使用中

out of use    不再使用

make use of   利用

come into use   开始被使用

come across    偶然遇见

make up      组成;构成;编造;捏造

hear of      听说

go on     继续

put up      为…提供食宿

fall for sb/sth  倾心/喜欢…

think over       仔细考虑

green with envy  十分嫉妒

how come       怎么会

have a population of  拥有…的人口

in the style of   以…的风格

point to   指向

stare at      凝视

set off    动身;启程;引发;引爆

set out     动身;开始做

set up    建立

set aside     预留出;腾出


Module 6


life span     寿命

an endangered heritage   濒危遗产

start a fund to raise money  创立基金会筹集资金

add A to B     把A添加到B

add to     增加

add up      把…加起来

add up to    总计为

even so      即使这样

contribute to (doing) sth   有助于;导致

make a contribution to   为…做贡献

raise awareness of   唤醒…的意识

get involved          参与;卷入

apart from             除…之外

get through     获准;经历;通过;完成

for sure/certain       确切地;肯定地

remind sb of sth     使某人想起…

remind sb to do      提醒某人做某事

act as…                 担当;起着…的作用

at the mercy of       任由…摆布;受…支配

in return                作为回报




Module 1


set foot on        进入;到达

in case of      如果;一旦

in the form of    以…的形式

stand out       突出;显眼

in particular     特别;尤其

aim to do sth      目标是,目的在于

overcome the difficulties       克服困难

come into sight      进入视野;看得见

break up       碎开;破碎;破裂

come up with      想出

take a risk       冒险;担风险

keep up one’s spirits 振作精神

keep one’s promise 信守诺言

make a promise      做出承诺

break one’s promise 违背诺言

miss out       省略

in (great) detail      详细地


Module 2


in history     历史上

in the history of     在…的历史上

on behalf of      代表

get tired of doing sth   厌倦做…

even if        即使

more than   不仅仅

begin with     以…作为开始

contrast with     与…有反差

go hand in hand with  携手前进;共同行动

cut up        切碎

think hard     仔细想;深思

or so     大约

end up    结束;以…为结局

tax on     对…征税

make an attempt to do sth  试图做

what’s more    而且

turn up       出现;露面

be thirsty for   渴求;渴望

by hand     手工的,用手工

find one’s way to    到达…

be available to sb  可被…利用或得到的


Module 3


by nature    生性;天性;本性

in nature      实际上;事实上

make out      理解

make up for       弥补

in short      简言之;总之

set fire to       放火烧…

on close/bad/good…terms with sb 与…关系密切/不好…

be referred to as     被认为是

much to the horror of sb 令…深感恐惧的是

go against        违背

be against      反对

on the dot      准时

as a rule      一般来说

leave out        遗漏;省略;不加考虑

dress up as       打扮成

dress up       打扮;装饰

transform…into…    把…改变成

be likely to do        有可能做

eat up         吃光


Module 4


tell…apart      区分;分开

lie in      位于;在于

in conclusion      结论是

a huge amount of   大量

get down to (doing) sth   开始着手做…

let sb down     让…失望

have sth in common   有共同点

be superior to     优于;胜过

get held up in traffic   陷入交通堵塞中

a straight answer    直接的答案/回复

convey a concept    传递观念

A be relevant to B    A和B有关

feel depressed    感到郁闷/压抑

adapt to local conditions   调整以适应当地条件

classify sth into    把…归类为…

make sense    有道理

make no sense     没有道理;胡说

sth be meant for   专门为…准备/设计

regard…as…      把…看作…

investigate the incident   调查事件

be of significance   有意义的


Module 5


turn in   转身进入;交出;上交

in spite of       尽管

other than     不同于;除了;非

at the very beginning of   在.. 的开始

set out ( to do)   出发;开始做…

a series of      一系列的

be similar to    和… 相似

set sth. in motion    使…开始

be aware of     知道;意识到

become aware of    开始意识到

in shock    处于极度震惊状态

make an impact on  给…留下深刻印象/巨大影响

pray for   祈望;祈祷

accuse sb of doing sth   指责/控告某人做某事 

short cuts     捷径

foresee the possibility of doing sth  预见到做某事的可能性


Module 6


wave one’s hands    挥手

approve of       赞成某事

cater for         满足…的要求

correspond with     与…通信

as far as       远到

at the same time     同时

hand in hand     手拉手

make a new discovery做出新发现

A as well as B     不但A而且B

think of…as…         把…看作

catch hold of     抓住

on second thought(s)   重新考虑后

try doing sth     尝试做某事

try to do         尽力去做某事

refer to        谈及;涉及

refer to sb/sth as      称某人/某物为…

a way of doing sth/to do sth做某事的方法

face to face         面对面

sense of humor      幽默感

be addicted to (doing)sth      沉溺于…




















阅读中常常会遇到一些由熟悉的单词派生或合成的新词。掌握构词法对猜测词义很有帮助。如:unforeseeable.这个词,可以根据构词法把它拆成un, fore, see , able;其中 see 是词根,fore是“先,前,预”的含义,un是否定,able是“能……的,可……的”,因此unforeseeable是“未能预见到的”意思。








对比是描述,说明事物的常用方式。在对比中,对比的事物是互为相反的,因此根据反义或对比关系可从已知推出未知。利用反义词来说明生词的意义,如反义词hot and cold, perfect and imperfect,甚至前、后句为肯定与否定或是与不是等,在句内词与词之间,在段内句与句之间的关系上起着互为线索的作用。



















为了说明或证实,文章中经常会举例,往往用来列举说明前面较难理解的词,这些例子可帮助我们猜测生词。举例时,常常会用一些连接性的词,如:such as, like, for example, for instance等。















如:though, although, still, but, yet, instead, instead of, however, while, on the contrary, on the other hand, unlike, rather than, for one thing, for another等,我们可以根据转折意思猜测词义。




例如:Young Hoover died. Over a thousand people attended his funeral.





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