41. answer /'ɑːnsə/
v. 回答，答复；回信； (作出)答案
answer back 应答，回复；顶嘴
answer for 对……负责，适合
answer to 符合，与……一致
in answer to 作为对……回答；应……要求
the answer to … …的答案
①We cannot answer for his actions．
②This boy answers to your description．
③Do you know the answer to the question?
“Who should answer for this? Is it you that made the trouble?”the announcer asked the driver in anger. “No, it is not my fault. It’s yours.” The latter answered back, annoyed.
42. anxious /'æŋ(k)ʃəs/
(1)be anxious for/about ... 为……担心(忧虑)
be anxious for 渴望得到
be (too) anxious (for sb.) to do sth.
(2)anxiety n. 焦虑，忧虑，担心
with anxiety 焦虑地
(3)anxiously adv. 焦急地，忧虑地，渴望地
①She is anxious to go to college now, but anxious about/for not passing the College Entrance Examination.
②If you're worried about your health, share your anxieties with your doctor.
The alarm caused great anxiety among people. The citizens got anxious about their health and safety. And they were anxious for food and medicine. Soon, the government made an announcement that there was no need to be anxious about their health and safety because they had enough food and medicine in store.
43. apologize /ə'pɒlədʒaɪz/
（1）apologizeto sb. for (doing) sth.
make/offer an apology to sb. for (doing) sth.
accept/refuse an/one's apology
①You should make anapology to her for your carelessness.
②He offered me anapology for losing my book.
I must apologize to you because I owe you an apology for what I did.(apologize)
44. appeal /ə'piːl/
n. & v.上诉；呼吁；吸引(力)；魅力
(1)appeal to 呼吁；上诉；恳求；对某人有吸引力，使某人感兴趣
appeal to sb. to do sth. 呼吁/恳求某人做某事
appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事而向某人呼吁
(2)appeal n. 呼吁；恳求；吸引力；上诉
make an appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁/恳求
make an appeal to sb. to do sth. 呼吁/恳求某人做某事
(3)appealing adj. 吸引人的；恳求的
①Our school appeals to the students to set aside at least an hour every day to take exercise in order to raise learning efficiency.
②We made an appeal to the villagers for money to build the bridge.
Martin Luther King appealed to the blacks to appeal to the highest court against racial discrimination，which greatly appealed to the whole world.
45. appear /ə'pɪə/
vi. 出现(反disappear)；出版(同come out)；似乎，显得(近seem)
（1）appear (to be) +n./v. 似乎是
appear to do sth. 似乎做某事
it appears (that)/as if 从句似乎
at first appearance 初看起来
in appearance 外表上，看上去
to(by, from)all appearances 显然
①It appears that he had a taste for music．
②So far, it appears that China has managed to successfully use its influence.
The appealing expert appeared to have disappeared from us forever.
It looks/seems as if…句型中不用appear。
sb./sth. looks as if…句型中不用appear, seem。
seem/appear to do sth. 似乎要做某事，句型中不用look。
It seems/appears that 句型中不用look。
46. apply /ə'plaɪ/
(1)apply(to sb.) for (向某人)申请
apply to do sth. 申请去做某事
apply to 适用于(to为介词)
apply... to ... 把……运用于……
apply oneself to (＝ be applied to)
(2)application n. 请求；申请，申请表；应用
applicant n. 申请人
①Over the years, he has applied himself to improving the living conditions of the migrant workers.
②All people are equal, which should apply to the disabled.
③She applied to the international school for a job as an English teacher.
In order to know whether his plan was practical, he first applied it to his work , and then he applied for a study to his company about it. At last he applied himself to it and made necessary changes.
47. appoint /ə'pɔɪnt/
(1)appoint sb.(as/to be)＋职位
appoint sb. to do sth. 委派某人做某事
(2)appointment n. 任命，委派；约定
make/have an appointment with sb.某人有约
keep/break an appointment 守/违约
（3）appointed adj. 指定的；约定的
①I was appointed to take charge of arranging all the activities on that day.
②I have an appointment with Dr. Smith, but I need to change it.我与史密斯医生有约，但是需要改变一下。
③He was appointed as/to be manager of the company. But to everyone's surprise, he didn't accept the appointment．
The manager appointed_Xiao_Li_to_sign an important contract with that company. XiaoLi made_an_appointment_with the account manager ahead of time. Everything went well. The manager was very satisfied with his performance. Later, he was_appointed_as/to_be sales director of his company.
48. appreciate /ə'priːʃɪeɪt; -sɪ-/
appreciate doing sth. 乐意做某事
I would appreciate it if …
appreciation n. 欣赏，赏识；鉴赏；感激
appreciative a. 感激的; 赏识的; 有欣赏力的
①I'd appreciate your writing me back as soon as possible.
②I really appreciate it if you could give me such an opportunity to show my talent.
I appreciate applying theories to practice and win my appreciative tutor’s appreciation. I feel appreciative of him.
appreciate后面先接it再跟从句，其中的it指代后面从句的内容，相当于形式宾语。有类似用法的还有：love, hate, like, prefer, dislike等。
49. approach /ə'prəʊtʃ/
n. & v. 接近；靠近；处理；n. 通道；方法，途径
(1)approach sb. on/about (doing) sth.
(2)at the approach of 在快到……的时候
make approaches to sb. 设法接近某人
an approach to (doing) sth. 做某事的方法
(3)approachable a. 亲切友善的；易理解的；可接近的
①I approached him about/on filling the manager's job.
②The job market has changed and our approach to finding (find) work must change as well.
With the approach of evening, the tourists approached the destination. In fact，there is a shorter approach to the destination.
(2)表示“……来临”的表达有：be approaching，be drawing near，be (just) around the corner，be coming等。
50. approve /ə'pruːv/
(1)approve of sth./doing sth.赞成某事，同意做某事
approve of sb. doing sth. 同意某人做某事
(2)approval n. 赞成；同意
meet with sb.'sapproval 得到某人的批准
win/earn sb.'s approval 取得某人的同意/赞成
with/without approval of 经/未经……的批准
(3)approving a. 赞成/同的，满意的→disapproving
①I approve of your trying to make some money, but please don't neglect your studies.
②By doing well at school he hoped to win his parents' approval．
Everyone had approved of the plan of building a park in the rural area, so we referred it to the committee to meet with its approval. One month later, we began to build the park with approval of the government.
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