Today and Tomorrow
A white-bearded ancient man was walking over the hills and valleys of the world. On his back he carried a bag which moved uneasily as if something was trying to escaped from it, but he settled it ___1___ his shoulders and walked on.
He was Father Time, travelling forever, and the bag he wore was filled with tomorrows, all ____2___(struggle) to get out.
Each night at twelve o'clock, he opened the bag and flew out a tomorrow, just one, with its wings of blue, and its shining feathers ___3____(rise) with hope. All the rest _____4____(keep) back by Time's strong hands and pushed deep in the bag.
Down flew the tomorrow beating its lovely feathers,___5____ as it touched the earth, off fell its blue wings and it changed to an ordinary white bird which could not fly. It had become a today. Everyone knows that today isn't as wonderful as tomorrow, for today can be held in one's hands, but tomorrow is full of ___6____(mysterious ) and beauty. It is desired by all the world. Even those people ___7___little hope sigh, "Tomorrow may bring a change. Tomorrow's life will be different".
Everybody tried to catch the tomorrow ____8___ it fell to the ground. They thought if they knew beforehand ____9____ the tomorrow carries, they could prepare for it. So they put great nets on the trees, seeking to catch one before it changed his feather. Yet although they tried every _____10___(mean), the birds escaped and flew to the ground as todays.
As food is to the body, so is learning to the mind. Our bodies grow and muscles develop with the intake of adequate nutritious food. ____1_____(similar), we should keep learning day by day ___2__(maintain) our keen mental power and expand our intellectual capacity. Constant learning supplies us with inexhaustible fuel for driving us to sharpen our power of reasoning, ____3____(analyse) and judgment. Learning incessantly is the surest way to keep pace with the times in the information age.
___4___ learning stops, idle life sets in. It is a common wrong belief to regard school as the only workshop for the ____5____(acquire) of knowledge. On the contrary, learning should be a never-ending process, from the cradle to the grave. With the world ever changing so fast, the cease from learning for just a few days __6___(make) a person fall behind. What's ___7__(bad), the animalistic instinct dormant(休眠的) deep in our subconsciousness（潜意识） will come to life, __8____(weaken) our will to pursue our noble ideal. Lack of learning will inevitably lead to the stop of the mind, or even worse, its fossilization. ____9___, to stay mentally young, we have to look on learning ___10_____lifelong career.
Tabichi's father and cousins have all worked as teachers. He could see that his relatives were making a real difference to people's lives and wanted to do the same. So for the past 12 years, Tabichi __1______(work) as a math and science teacher in the hope that his lessons will give students a chance_____2____(improve) their situations.
However, ___3_____(work) at a remote village school in Kenya hasn't been easy. The unique challenges and obstacles have forced Tabichi to find unique solutions for his students. The school only has one computer and unreliable Internet ___4____(accessible). The school also has no library___5___ laboratory. To make matters worse, there are not enough books for all the students and the school is _____6____(desperate) in need of more teachers.
One of the other major challenges that Tabichi faces is ___7____(keep) kids in school as long as possible. So Tabichi spends most of his time outside of the classroom working on ways to keep kids in school. When the 36-year-old gets the feeling ____8___ a student is at risk of dropping out, he works to persuade families to put more value in education. To help those in poverty afford food, uniforms and books, Tabichi also gives away 80 percent of his salary. ____9__all the obstacles he faces, Tabichi is credited for improving the school and keeping much of the village's youth in school. He has also managed to set up science clubs and addressed food insecurity issues.
Thanks to his tireless work, his students have excelled. In recent years, students have won national and international science competitions. In March of 2019, Tabichi ____10_(vote) the best teacher in the world and won the prize of $1 million.
The love of beauty is an essential part of all healthy human nature. It is a moral quality. The ___1____(absent) of it is not an assured ground of condemnation, but the presence of it is an invariable sign of goodness of heart, in proportion __2_____the degree in which it is felt will____3____( probable) be the degree in which nobleness and beauty of character will be obtained.
Nature beauty is all-pervading presence. The universe is its temple, __4_____unfolds into the numberless flowers of spring; it waves in the branches of trees and the green blades of grass. It haunts the depth of the earth and the sea.It shines from the colors of the shell and the precious stone. And not only these minute objects ____5__the oceans, the mountains, the clouds, the stars, the __6____(rise) and setting sun--all over flow with beauty. This beauty is so precious to our tenderest and noblest feelings ___7____ it is painful to think of the multitude of people living in the midst of it and yet remaining almost blind to it.
All persons should seek to become _____8___(acquaint) with the beauty in nature. There is not a worm we step upon, nor a leaf that dances merrily as it falls before the autumn wind, but calls for our study and admiration. The power__9____(appreciate )
beauty not only increases our sources of happiness but also enlarges our moral nature. Beauty calms our restlessness. Go into the fields or the woods; spend the summer day by the sea or the mountains, and all your little anxieties and confusion will disappear. Listen to sweet music, and then your foolish fears and mean jealousies __10_____(pass) away. The beauty of the world helps us to seek and find the beauty of goodness.
Do you often get angry? If the answer is yes, you are not alone. Bad traffic, disagreements with people and other ___1___(occur) can potentially be a terrible thing. But can you control your temper____2___do you show your anger every time someone crosses you? One footballer known for his Temper is Liverpool striker(前锋),Louis Suarez. After a confrontation in a match ____3___Chelsea, he sank his teeth into his opponent Branislay Ivanovic"s flesh. The bite caused outrage and he ___4_____(order) to go to an anger management course.
The theory of anger management was developed in __5____1970s. The first reference to the term ____6__(cite) by the Oxford English Dictionary comes in 1975, in the work of US. It doesn't work for everyone. About 30% of people dropped out. But for those__7___
persevered, it led them to change their behaviour. Among the ___8_____(recommend) for people with a short anger are: accept that different opinions are acceptable, listen to the other person and don't take anything ___9____(person). Control used to be seen as restraint(约束力). But these days letting it all out is viewed as ___10_____(destroy) behaviour. Maybe the best thing is just to count to ten when you feel you are about to hit the roof. It might not give you time to calm down but will allow the other person to run away.
Beautiful scenery is just one of the treasures Canada has to offer. The vast majority of Canada's population of more than 30 million people lives in urban areas. You will be delighted by Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver and Edmonton-- all __1 (know) around the world for their urban way of life, beautiful architecture and unique culture.
Toronto the largest city in Canada ranks __2 the most multicultural cities in the world. People have ancestors from Ireland, Portugal, China, Lebanon and Italy, as well as from many other places. In the heart of Toronto __3 (be) the Canadian National Tower, which is often called the CN tower _4 short. __5 (rise) 553 meters into the sky, it is the third tallest tower in the world.
Montreal, a port in the province of Quebec is the second largest city in Canada and also the second largest French-speaking city in the world, Paris _6 (be) the largest. Quebec which was first settled by the French, __7 (lose) to the British in 1763, __8 its population is still over 70 percent French. __9 to this, Montreal has a wonderful mix of Old World and New World architecture and culture. There are old buildings, historic churches, narrow streets and alleys, all alongside glass and steel and concrete skyscrapers towering upwards. As a modern, dynamic city, Montreal has a lively night scene with many restaurants and clubs as well as cultural and street festivals __10 (ensure) that no visitor is ever bored.
No one has had a 1 (great)influence on Western civilization than the ancient Greeks. They made many 2 (advance) in philosophy, science, mathematics, art, architecture, theatre, politics and sport. The Roman alphabet is a Greek invention, 3 is the marathon, a long distance race created in honour of a Greek soldier who ran from Marathon to Athens to report the victory at the Battle of marathon in 490 BC. In particular, we associate ancient Greek civilization with the capital city of Athens, the greatest symbol of 4 is the Acropolis. The Acropolis is a large, flat rock in the centre of Athens, 5 (rise) up high above the city. On top of the Acropolis, there are three main temples 6 Athena, the goddess of the city: the Parthenon, the Erechtheum and the Temple of Athena Nike.
The buildings of the Acropolis were made of marble, a very smooth, strong stone However, throughout history, few ancient monuments 7 (avoid) damage altogether. The Acropolis is no 8 (difference). It has been damaged partly by natural forces like earthquakes, but the greatest damage of all has been caused by man. Some damage has been caused by the traffic of so many people 9 (simple)walking around the buildings.In 10 gesture to help preserve history, the Greek government appointed a committee to undertake a complete repair of the Acropolis.
Did you grow up in one culture, your parents came from ___1___, and you are now living in a totally different country? If so, then you are a third-culture kid!
The term "third-culture kid" (or TCK) ___2____（use）in the 1960s for the first time by Dr. Ruth. She first came across this phenomenon when she researched North American children living in India. ___3___ (catch) between two cultures, they form their very own. In general, they often reach excellent academic results. They usually benefit from their intercultural experience,____4___ helps them to grow into successful academics and professionals.
Yet ___5___ (be) a third-culture kid is not always easy. In fact many hardships may arise from this phenomenon. A third-culture kid may not be able to adapt themselves completely ____6___ their new surroundings as expected. Instead, they may always remain an outsider in different host cultures. __7____(addition), making new friends and saying goodbye to old ones will at some point become routine for a third-culture kid.While this can be a way to create a network of friends all around the world, it can be difficult for a third-culture kid to maintain close friendships and relationships.
For a third-culture kid, it is often ___8___(easy) to move to a new foreign country than to return to their "home" country. After living in Australia and South Korea for many years, Louis finally returned to Turkey as a teenager. But she felt out of place when she returned to the country ____9__ she was born. Unlike other teens of her age, she didn't know anything about current TV shows or fashion trends. She did not share the same values as her friends' even years after going back home. While a third-culture kid must let go of his/her identity as a foreigner when he/she returns, the home country can prove to be more foreign than anything he/she came across before. The peer group they face does not match the idealized(理想化的) image children have___10___ "home". This often makes it hard for them to form their own identity.
Is It Worth It?
Horror caught the heart of the World War 1 soldier as he saw his lifelong friend fall in battle. ___1___（catch）in a trench(壕沟) with ____2___(continue) gunfires whistling over his head, the soldier asked his captain_____3___ he might go out into the " No Man's Land" between the trenches to bring his fallen comrade back.
" You can go," said the captain, "but I don't think it will be worth it. Your friend is _____4___(probable) dead and you may throw your own life away." The captain's words didn't matter, and the soldier went anyway.
Miraculously he managed to reach his friend, putting him onto his shoulder, and brought him back to their trench. As the two of them fell together into the bottom of the trench, the officer checked the ___5____(wound) soldier, then looked kindly at his friend. " I told you it wouldn't be worth it ," he said. " Your friend is dead, and you are mortally wounded."
" It was worth it, though, sir", the soldier said.
"What do you mean？"responded the captain. "Your friend is dead!"
"Yes, sir" the private(士兵) answered. " But it was worth it ___6_____when I got to him, he was still ___7_____(live), and I had the ___8____(satisfy) of hearing him say, "Jim, I knew you'd come."
Many a time in life, whether a thing is worth doing or not really depends on__9____ you look at it.
Take __10____ all your courage and do something your heart tells you to do so that you may not regret not doing it later in life.
Hello, everyone. In 1 (today) lecture, I'd like to share an interesting new study with you. The study, ____2_____(publish) in the Lancet, found that people who are ___3____(physical) active have a greater sense of well-being than those ____4___are inactive--and that active individuals feel as good as inactive people who earn $25,000 more per year.
Researchers from Oxford and Yale Universities ____5__(use) data gathered from more than 1.2 million Americans. They found that people who exercise regularly feel bad for an average of 35 days per year,____6___ inactive people feel bad for an additional 18 days. According to the study, individuals who exercised had 43 percent fewer days of poor mental health in the past month than individuals who did not exercise. Social physical activities such as basketball and football games had an even more positive effect, although cycling and running ranked highly.
It's possible to get too much exercise. From Business Insider's write-up(评论) on the study, " The mental health of those ____7_____(participate) who exercised for longer than three hours a day suffered more than ____8____ of those who weren't particularly physically active."
The ideal amount seems to be three to five training sessions per week, lasting 30 to 60 minutes each. But remember: any amount ___9____(help). So don't stress about hitting that perfect balance: " All exercise types are associated with a __10_____(low) mental health burden than not exercising."
What developing countries 56 (real) need to do is stop 57 (poor) by fighting the causes of it. One way to help a country develop is to improve its infrastructure, which is 58 makes everything run well, 59 (include) things like transport, electricity, telephones and schools. These things provide a framework for new jobs 60 (create), allowing people to help themselves so that they no longer need to be 61 (depend) on others.
62 way to help a country is through the development of private enterprise along with job training. For instance, in Afghanistan, housewives and widows 63 (teach) to sew clothing, which they can sell for extra income. In South Africa, 64 community programme is providing training and help for people 65 jobs or homes, so that they can learn to make works of art to sell to tourists.
2.struggling用在all 后面，all前面是逗号，所以用struggling to do sth
3. rising with的复合结构，rise 不及物，做宾补用rising
4.were kept 这里all the rest 指的是tomorrows 所以谓语动词用复数被动。
6.mystery 前面有of ,所以后面用名词，与beauty 一致，所以用单数。
9.what 此处放在knew后面，carries 后面缺少宾语。
10.means 此处用means 表示方法。
1 Similarly 副词做状语，放在句首。
2,to maintain 此处应该是目的状语。所以用to maintain
7.worse 词组What's worse 的考查
8.weakening 伴随状语，此处应该用weaking 后面有宾语our will
9. Therefore 根据句意用顺承词Therefore
10.as考查词组look on sb/sth as
1.has worked/has been working 根据前面的in/for/over/during the past +段时间，主句用现在完成时态
2. to improve 目的状语，表目的
4.access 此处用名词Internet access
6.desperately 此处用副词修饰in need of
7.keeping 用keeping 做状语
8.that 此处用在feeling 后面接that 同位语从句
9.Despite 尽管他面临所有的障碍 （=In spite of =For all）
10.was voted 根据前面的2019可推知，可知用过去式，再根据句意用被动语态。
1.absence 此处用在The 后面，of 的前面做主语，所有用名词。
2.to 此处是in proportion to sth
5.but 此处考查not only …but (also)这个词组
7.that 此处考查feelings 后面的that 的同位语从句
8.acquainted 根据become +adj/或者形容词化的过去分词，此处用acquainted
9.to appreciate此处用the power to do sth 干某事的能力
10.will pass此处考查祈使句+陈述句（will do sth）
1.occurrences other 后面加名词，根据前面的disagreements 可知用复数
2.or 根据句意：是控制 脾气还是发火？
4.was ordered 此处应该用被动语态，过去时
5.the 此处为in the 1970s二十世纪七十年代 in one's 70s 在某人七十多岁时
6. cited 此处应该是定语，后面是by, 所以用cited
7.who 此处应该用who 引导定语从句，
8.recommendations 此处应该用名词，根据among 可知后面为复数名词
9.personally 此处考查take sth personally 把。。放心里
1.known 此处应该是all 引导的独立主格结构，be known for sth
2.among 此处考查rank among 这个词组
4.for 此处考查for short 简称 be short of =be lacking in=lack sth 缺乏，缺少
6.being 此处考查独立主格结构，Paris做being 的逻辑主语
7.was lost 一般过去时的被动语态考查
9.Owing 此处考查Owing to sth=Because of 这个词组
10. to ensure 目的状语考查
2.advances 此处考查 make advances in sth=make progress in ;progress表示进步为不可数名词；advance表示进步，为可数名词
3.as 此处考查替代词as 为连词；so替代词，为副词；此处用and so =as
4.which 此处考查of which 定语从句中介词of +which 的用法
6.to 此处考查to 的用法，"归属于"
8.different此处考查no different 没有什么不同
10.a此处考查In a gesture to do sth 为了干某事
1. another 此处考查one…another一个。。。又一个
2.was used 此处考查一般过去时的被动时态
3.Caught 此处考查的catch的过去分词；be caught between困在。。
4.which 此处考查which 引导非限制性定语从句
5.being 此处考查being 做主语
6.to 此处考查adapt oneself/sth to sth 使自己/sth适应
8.easier 后面有than 所以前面应该用比较级
10.of此处考查 have in image of 的用法
3.if/whether 此处应该接在ask 后面，用疑问词
7.alive 此处考查be still alive 的用法
9.how 此处考查how you look at it 取决于你看待它的方式
10.up此处考查take up all your courage鼓起勇气
8.that 用that来替代前面的名词the health
59.including此处考查include 的非谓语动词用法including sth/ sth included
60.to be created 此处考查for sb to do sth //for sth to be done
61.dependent 此处考查depend的形容词用法 depend on/upon=be dependent on/upon
62.Another 此处考查one …another用法
63.have been taught 此处考查现在完成时的被动语态
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