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更新时间:2021-01-13浏览:评论: 条












  • 动词:



1.“看”:look; see; watch; observe; notice; catch sight of; stare; glare; glance; glimpse; see a film; watch TV


2.“说”:telll sth to sb.=tell sb sth; talk with sb about sth; say sth; speak in English; whisper sth to sb; inform sb of sth; reason /talk/persuade sb into doing sth; bargain; chat; repeat; explain; warn; remind; discuss; debate; figure; declare; claim; mention; admit; deny; describe; announce; introduce; complain


3.“叫”:cry; call; shout; scream; moan; sigh; quarrel


4.“问”:ask; interview; express; question


5.“答”:answer; respond; reply


6.“听”:listen to; hear; pick up; overhear


7. “笑”:smile; laugh; burst into laughter; burst out laughing


8.“哭”:cry; shed tears; weep; sob; burst into tears /burst out crying


9.“吃/喝”:eat/drink; sip; have a meal; have supper; toast; taste; treat sb to; help oneself to


10“穿”:put on; wear; have on; be dressed in; make up; get changed; be in red; take off ; remove


11.“行”:walk ; run ; climb; jump; skip; slip; come/go; enter; move; drive; ride; fly; crawl


12.“坐”:sit down; be seated; seat oneself; take a seat,stand; lean


13.“睡/休息”:lie /on one’s back/on one's side/ on one’s stomach; stay in bed; have a rest; take a nap; be asleep; bend; turn over; rest


14.“写”:dictate; write sth; describe; drop a line; draw; take down/write down


15.“拿/放”:take; bring; hold; carry; fetch; lif; put; lay; pull; push


16.“抓”:take hold of; seize; grasp; scratch


17.“打”:hit; beat; strike; blow; attack


18.“扔”:throw; drop; fall; wave; shake


19.“送”:send; deliver; give; offer; see off


20.“摸/抱”:ouch; fold; embrace; hug; hold; in one’s arms


21.“踢/碰”:kick; knock; tip


22.“找/查”:find; look for; find out; discover/explore; hunt for; search for;seek,seek for in search of; search sb; search sp. for sth; check; examine; test; inspect


23.“得”:get; obtain; acquire; gain; possess


24.“失”:lose; be lost /be missing/gone; great loss


25.“有”:have; own; conquer; occupy;possess


26.“无”:nothing left; the remaining thing; disappear; be missing /gone


27.“增/减”:rise / go up,drop; raise; bring down /reduce; increase/decrease


28.“买/卖”:buy; purchase; afford; pay; pay off ; pay for; sell; on sale; bargain; bill / cheque / cash/credit card/notes/coins; discounts


29.“存在/消失”:come into being; exist; appear; survive ; live; show; turn up; disappear; die; die out; pass away; be out of sight


30.“变化”:develop; improve ; become; grow; go+ bad /wrong/ sour;turn + colour; change /change into; reform


31.“成功/失败”:make it; succeed; make progress; come true; realize one’s dream; win; lose; fail to do; defeat; suffer loss; beat; turn sth. into reality


32.“努力”:try /manage; make efforts; attempt ; do one's best; do as much as one can to do


33.祝贺:congratulate sb. on sth.; celebrate; observe; get together


34.敬佩:admire; respect; show respect for/to; adore; envy ;be jealousy


35.赞美/批评:praise; think highly of; blame sb for sth; sb is to blame; criticize /scold sb. for sth.; have a low opinion of sb; speak ill of


36. 喜/恶:like; love; be fond of ; be keen on; be crazy about; adore; be into; prefer; enjoy; dislike hate; ignore


37.到达:arrive at; reach; return to; get to; stay in sp.; visit; leave; leave for


38.受伤:hurt ; injure; wound; cut; kill; drown; bleed; get burnt; suffer from; suffer a loss


39.损坏:damage; destroy; ruin; break down; crash; be broken


40.修复:repair; rebuild; restore; fix; recover oneself


41.“认识的过程” :feel; sense; guess; suppose; wonder; doubt; know /learn realize understand remember; be familiar with; recall; recite; apply to


42.认为;判断:think; believe; consider; find; feel; conclude; infer; doubt


43.想/考虑:think of…as...; think about; consider; think over


44.支持/反对:agree; disagree; accept; receive; refuse; turn down; be against; elect; vote for/ against


45.花费:sth/doing sth+cost; sb+spend+ (in) doing sth; sb+afford +n/to do sth ; It +takes/took some time/ money/energy to do sth; sb pay some money for sth.


46.省/存钱:save /save up; set aside; put away


47.参加:take part in; join /join in; attend; compete in/ for/against


48.控告:accuse sb. of; charge sb. with


49.救治/帮助:help /help out; save /rescue sb from sth.; treat; cure sb. of sth; aid sb in doing sth / to do sth; help sb with sth;assist sb in doing sth


50.逃避:run away; escape from; flee; hide


51.阻止/禁止:prevent / keep/ stop sb. from doing sth; forbid doing sth.; ban; prohibit


52.对付/处理:handle / do with / deal with /tackle /overcome sth ; solve; settle


53.效仿:copy; imitate; learn from; learn


54.爆发/发生:come about; happen to; take place; break out; burst out; go off; explode


55.安装/装备:fasten; fix; set; equip; be armed with; be equipped with


56.追求:pursuit; ran after; seek after; chase; catch up with; keep up with


57.建议:advise; suggest; recommend; propose; urge; demand; persuade


58. 打算:plan / intend / design to do; be going to do /be about to do /will do


59.似乎/好象:seem; appear; look like;as if /as though


60.开办/关闭:open; start; set up; close/close up; end; close down








  • 名词:










1.假期:vacation,holiday,spring break,leave,two days off


2.旅游:trip,journey, tour,voyage, travel,tourist,passenger 


3. 职务人员:clerk,secretary,passer-by friend,minister,manager,waitress,guest,host,hostess,assistant,customer,adult,neighbor,relative,patient,vet,staff,crew,nurse,teacher,conductor,tailor,sailor,inventor,gardener,guard


4. 餐馆/定餐/就餐:inn,restaurant,kitchen,menu,bill,order,tip,fork and knife,reserve /book table,taste delicious,salad,vegetables,fruit,tray,napkin


5.诊所/看病/服药clinic,hospital,take one’s temperature,take medicine/pills,have a fever/flu/headache,doctor,physician,surgeon,specialist,patient


6.车站/机场:airport,on board,miss the train/bus,catch a train,meet sb.


7. 身体部位:arm,head,hair,brain,waist,back,shoulder,pulse,wrist


8. 意志:will,courage,patience,determination,faith,effort,confidence,ambition,energy




10.优缺点:advantage,disadvantage,strength,weakness,merit,drawback, strong point,shortcoming


11. 目标aim,goal,intention,purpose,belief,faith


12. 方式:means,method,way,manner,approach


13. 身体素质:strong,weak,pale,sick,ill,well,slim,fit,cut weight,put on weight


14. 图表:photo,picture,graph,drawing,table,line/bar graph, pie chart,draw a sketch(划草图)


15.文章:reading,translation,essay,poem,paper,novel,fiction article,magazine,newspaper,journal,diary,files




17.学校活动:match,game,activity,hold a meeting /debate /speech/ ceremony






20.交通:by train/bus /boat bike,on the train/bus /a bike,drive a car,ride a bike,give sb. a lift/ride










25.运动比赛:playground,track and filed,pitch,event,game,match,sports,player,coach,judge,jogging,weightlifting,volleyball,soccer








  • 形容词和副词:










1. immediate adj 立即的,立刻的,马上

2. clear adj 清楚的,清晰的

3.cautious adj 小心翼翼的

4.vivid adj 生动的,逼真的

5.exactly adv ①确切地,精确地 ②恰好地,正好地 ③ (用于答语)完全正确。(的确这样)

6.fortunately adv 幸运地

7.surprisingly adv 令人惊讶的

8.hardly adv 几乎不

9.instead adv 代替,相反

10. properly adv 适当地;正确地;恰当地

11. specially adv 专门

12.reliable adj 可靠的,可信赖的

13.simply adv 简单地;仅仅,只不过

14.namely adv 即,也就是

15.not nearly = far from = nowhere near 远非,远远不,一点也不

16.patient adj 耐心的;n 病人

17.plain adj 简单的,朴素的

18.familiar adj 熟悉的

19.lucky adj 幸运的

20.amazing adj 令人惊异的

21.accidentally adv ①偶然地;意外地 ②附带地

22.silent adj 沉默的

23.calm adj 平静的,冷静的

24.secret adj 秘密的

25.otherwise adv 否则

26.meanwhile adv 期间,同时

27.besides adv 除…..以外还有

28.efficient adj 高效的,有效的

29. flexible adj 灵活的

30.complex adj 复杂的

31.smooth adj 平稳的,光滑的,顺利的 

32.regularly adv 定期的,有规律的

33.sensitive adj 敏感的,体贴的

34.honest adj 诚实的

35.confident adj 自信的

36.shy adj 害羞的,羞涩的

37.thoughtful adj ①深思的,沉思的②富有思想的;经认真推敲的

38.lighthearted and optimistic adj 无忧无虑而且非常乐观的

39.nevertheless adj 然而

40.private adj 私人的(private cars)

41.personal adj 个人的(personal belongings)

42.unique adj 唯一的,独一无二的;独特的

43.favorable adj 赞同的,有利的

44.precious adj 宝贵的,珍贵的

45.essential adj 必要的,重要的

46.worthwhile adj 值得的

47.physical adj 身体的,物理的

48.sudden adj 突然的

49.merely adv 仅仅,只 =only

50.rarely adv 罕见的

51.splendidly adj 极好地,灿烂地

52.increasingly adv 越来越多地

53.naturally adv 自然地

54.accurate adj 精确的,准确的

55.ridiculous adj 可笑的,荒谬的

56.urgent adj 紧急的,急迫的

57.shallow adj 浅的,肤浅的

58.frequently adv 经常地,频繁地

59.especially adv 特别地,尤其地=particularly

60.obviously adv 显而易见 =apparently

61.necessarily adv 必要地,必须地,必然地

62.generally adv 一般地,通常地

63.eventually adv 最终,最后

64.adoptable adv 可采用的,可收养的

65.acceptable adj 可以接受的

66.available adj 可利用的,可使用的,可得到的

67.accessible adj 易接近的,易受影响的,可理解的

68.relatively adv 相对地,比较地

69.approximately adv大约

70.absolutely adv 绝对正确地

71.punctual adj 守时的

72.gentle adj 温柔的

73.neatly adv 整洁地

74.entirely adv 完全地

75.highly adv 高度地,非常地

76.strongly adv 强烈地,坚固地

77.extremely adv 极端地,非常

78.reasonably adv 合乎情理地

79.eagerly adv 热切地;渴望地

80.badly adv 很,非常

81.slightly adv 稍微,轻微地

82.equally adv 平等地

83.lately adv 最近

84.enthusiastic adj 热情的;热烈的;热心的

85.energetic adj 精力充沛的,有活力的

86.talkative adj ①喜欢说话的②多嘴的③健谈的

87.impressive adj 影象深刻的

88.traditional adj 传统的

89.practical adj 实践的,实际的

90.similar adj 类似的,相似的

91.convenient adj 方便的,便利的

92.sooner or later 迟早,早晚

93.more or less 或多或少,差不多,几乎

94.once in a while 偶尔,时不时地

95.now and then 偶尔,有时

96. willingly adv 情愿地

97. unexpectedly adv 出乎意料地

98.unwillingly adv 不情愿地

99. unforgettable adj 难忘的

100.doubtful adj 可疑的;令人生疑的;疑心的;不能确定的

101. hardly / scarcely adv 几乎不

102. respectable adj 值得尊敬的

103. respectful adj 恭敬的,有礼貌的

104. distinguished adj 著名的;卓著的;高贵的

105. complicated adj 难懂的,复杂的

106. awkward/clumsy adj 尴尬的,笨拙的

107. previous adj 以前的

















1. a host of  大量 

2. a test for  检测目的 

3. a test on  对……进行测试 

4. a test with  检测手段 

5. above all  最重要的;首先

6. according to  根据 

7. achieve equilibrium  取得平衡 

8. achieve one's purpose  达到目的 

9. achieve success  获得成功 

10. achieve victory  获得胜利 

11. act on  遵照...行动;作用于

12. act out  表演出来 

13. add up to  总计,合计 

14. add...to...  把…...加到…...

15. adhere to 坚持,奉行

16. after all  毕竟,终究

17. agree on  对……取得一致意见 

18. agree to  同意,赞成 

19. agree with sb.  同意某人的话 

20. along with  和......一起

21. alternate (with)  交替

22. amount to  合计;共计

23. an equal to  与…(地位)相同的人/物

24. and yet  然而 

25. anything but  一点也不

26. anything like  像……那样的东西 

27. anywhere near  接近于 

28. apart form  除……之外尚有 

29. apply to  向……申请;适用于 

30. appreciation of  对……的欣赏/赞赏 

31. argue against  反对 

32. as a result of  作为……的结果;由于 

33. as a result  结果;因此

34. as a whole  作为一个整体,整个看来 

35. as far as…  就……而言 

36. as for  至于,关于

37. as if  好像,仿佛 

38. as soon as  一......就......

39. as though  好像,仿佛 

40. as to 至于,关于

41. as well  也

42. as yet  迄今,到目前为止 

43. aside from  除......之外

44. associate…with…  把……和......联系起来 

45. association with  与……的交往/联合 

46. at a disadvantage  处于不利地位 

47. at a loss  不知所措 

48. at a time  每次,一次 

49. at all 丝毫,根本

50. at any moment  随时

51. at first  首先,最初

52. at large  未被捕获的,自由行动的,详尽的

53. at last   终于,最终

54. at least  至少 

55. at length  最终,详细地

56. at most  最多 

57. at no time  从不,决不 

58. at one time  曾经

59. at the cost of  以……为代价 

60. at the least  至少,无论如何

61. at times  有时,间或

62. at…speed  以……的速度 

63. attend on  照顾,侍候

64. attribute…to...  把……归于...... 

65. back up  后退,支持

66. be based on  基于 

67. be able to  能够 

68. be about to  正打算 

69. be accustomed to  习惯于 

70. be associated with  与……有关

71. be aware of  意识到

72. be capable of  有能力做......

73. be caught  遇到,陷入 

74. be committed to  被交给,答应承担义务

75. be confined to  限制在,局限于

76. be confined/be restricted  受……限制 

77. be dedicated to 奉献,献给

78. be devoted to 献身于/致力于......

79. be directed to  指向,针对 

80. be drawn to  被......所吸引

81. be due to  由于

82. be exposed to 暴露在...下,接触...

83. be fond of 喜爱 

84. be full of 充满

85. be habitual to(him)   对(他来说)习以为常 

86. be in order  合适,恰当

87. be involved in  参与,参加

88. be involved with  涉及,与……有关连

89. be left to  由...来决定,由...来想办法

90. be limited to  限制在...,限定在...

91. be linked to/with  与…连接/有联系 

92. be proud of  为...而骄傲

93. be referred to  被提及

94. be related to  与……有关 

95. be sick of  厌恶/讨厌...

96. be subject to  经受,遭受

97. be suitable for  适合于 

98. be sure of  对...肯定

99. be thrown in  额外赠送 

100. be tied by/with  被……捆绑

101. be tied to  束缚于,捆绑于 

102. be tired of  厌倦/厌烦...

103. behind time  晚点 

104. belief in  对……的真实性或正确性具有的信心 

105. believe…to be...  相信……是...... 

106. better than  好于……

107. beyond question  毋庸置疑 

108. break away  脱离,逃跑 

109. break down  损坏,分解,瓦解 

110. break into  闯入 

111. break in  闯入,打断 

112. break off  断绝,结束 

113. break out  突发,爆发 

114. break through  突破 

115. break up  结束,打碎 

116. bring about  引起,带来

117. bring forward  提出

118. bring out  使出现,公布,出版

119. bring up  提出,养育,呕吐

120. by accident  偶然

121. by all means  无论如何

122. by chance  偶然,意外地 

123. by choice  通过选择 

124. by contrast  对比之下

125. by means of  用,依靠,借助于 

126. by means of  借助于 

127. by mistake  错误地 

128. by the way  顺便提一下 

129. by virtue of  凭借,由于

130. by way of  经由,通过…方式 

131. call forth  唤起 

132. call for  邀请,要求,需要 

133. call off  取消 

134. call on/upon  访问,拜访 

135. care for  照顾,关心,喜欢 

136. carry out  贯彻,执行

137. cast light on sth.  阐明某事

138. catch up with  赶上

139. catch sight of  看见

140. center on 集中在,以...为中心

141. characterized by 以...为特征

142. coincide with 与……相符 

143. come from 来自,来源于

144. come off  成功,脱离

145. come on  快点,上演,突然产生

146. come out  出版,出现,结果是 

147. come to  等于,结果是,总计,达到 

148. come under attack  受到打击 

149. come under  归入,受到

150. come up  走近,上升,发芽,被提出

151. comment on  评论,发表意见

152. commit to  交付,把……投入 

153. comply with  遵守,服从

154. conform to 遵守,符合,顺应 

155. consist of  由...组成 

156. consistent in  在(某方面)一致 

157. consistent with  与……一致 

158. contribute to 有助于,促进

159. copy out  抄写

160. correlate with  使...与...产生相互关系

161. count on  指望

162. cut away  砍掉

163. cut down  削减

164. cut off  切断,中断

165. cut out  删掉

166. dedicate…to...  奉献

167. depend on  依靠,依赖,取决于 

168. die back  枯死

169. die down  逐渐消失,止息

170. die off  相继死去

171. die out  消失,死绝

172. difference in  在……方面的差别 

173. do something for/to  改进,增强 

174. doubt about  怀疑 

175. due to  由于,因为 

176. dwell on  详述,细想 

177. enter for  报名参加

178. enter into 开始 (谈话,讨论)

179. entertain a proposal  愿意考虑这一建议 

180. entertain an idea  抱着一种想法 

181. even if  即使,虽然 

182. even though  即使,虽然 

183. ever since  此后一直

184. faithful to  忠心于